The Ethiopia Yirgacheffe Idido is sourced from family-owned
farms organized around the Idido coffee mill located in the
Gedeo Zone of Ethiopia. The Gedeo region is named after the
Gedeo people who are indigenous to this area. The Idido mill is
located in a beautiful valley in the town of Idido near the town
of Yirgacheffe. Small coffee farmers deliver ripe cherries to the
Idido mill where the cherries are sorted. The cherries are placed
on raised drying beds in thin layers and turned every 2 to 3
hours during the first few days of the drying process. Then the
beans are transported to Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia,
to be milled and bagged prior to export.
Yirgacheffe is widely recognized as one of coffee’s ‘birth regions.’ Washed
coffees coming from this district are so well-known and sought-after that
Yirgacheffe is considered its own micro-region. The majority of coffees
grown in Yirgacheffe are local landrace varieties (heirloom). Other varieties
grown in the regjon were developed by the Jimma Agricultural Research
Centre (JARC). JARC has done a great deal of work on developing disease
resistant and high yielding varieties that still demonstrate quality in the cup.
Most farmers in the region farm on fewer than 5 hectares (many counting
their coffee farms in terms of trees rather than area). Cultivation methods
are traditional for the most part, with coffee being grown as part of an
integrated ‘coffee garden,’ intercropped with other food crops.